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Top 10 Best Hill Stations of India | All About "Hill Stations"

Top 10 Best Hill Stations of India.


Friends, Today I am going to tell you about the Top 10 Hill Stations in India, Where you must go once and hope that you will get this article.

1. Srinagar (Jammu & Kashmir) :- 

Srinagar

Srinagar is the capital of Jammu and Kashmir province of India. This city, situated in the middle of the Kashmir Valley, is one of the major tourist destinations in India. While Srinagar is famous for Dal Lake on the one hand, on the other hand it is particularly famous for various temples.


Srinagar, located at an altitude of 1700 meters, is particularly known for lakes and houseboats. Apart from this, Srinagar is also world famous for traditional Kashmiri handicrafts and dry fruits.
Many films of Hindi cinema were shot here. In Hazrat Bal Mosque of Srinagar, it is believed that there is a hair of the beard of Hazrat Muhammad. There is Shankaracharya mountain in Srinagar itself, where the famous Hindu religious reformer and adviser of Advaita Vedanta, Adi Shankaracharya, sat on the seat of Sarvagyanpeeth. 

There are boats known as Shikara, especially the means of entry, movement and market and shopping in Dal Lake and Jhelum River (Sanskrit: Vitasta, Kashmiri: Vyath). There are also many beautiful boats floating on the Dal Lake adorned with lotus flowers, which are called houseboats. Historians believe that Srinagar was inhabited by the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka.


A Shikara in Dal Lake Some distance away from Srinagar is a very old Martand (Sun) temple. Somewhere else is the cave of Amarnath dedicated to Shiva in Anantnag district, where thousands of pilgrims visit. Thirty kilometers from Srinagar is Charar-e-Sharif, the Dargah of Muslim Sufi saint Sheikh Nooruddin Wali, which was burnt down a few years ago by Islamic militants, but later repaired.Srinagar is the summer capital of the state of Jammu and Kashmir.


 These cities and the areas around them were once considered the most beautiful tourist places in the world - such as


Places to visit in Srinagar.

2. Shalimar and Nishat Bagh
4. Pahalgam
5. Chashma Shahi
7. Hazratbal Mosque
8. Shankaracharya Temple
10. Flattened Office

History

The history of Srinagar is very old. The place is believed to have been founded by Pravarsen II 2,000 years ago. Five other districts are located around this district. Srinagar district is situated north of Kargil, south of Pulwama, north-west of Budhagam.

2. Shimla (Himachal Pradesh) :- 

Shimla

Shimla is the capital and largest city of the northern Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. It is also the headquarters of a district of the same name, surrounded by the states of Uttarakhand in the southeast, Mandi and Kullu in the north, Kinnaur in the east, Sirmaur in the south and Solan in the west. In 1864, Shimla was declared the summer capital of the British Raj in India. 

Along with Raj, it was the headquarters of the Commander-in-Chief of the British Indian Army and also the summer capital of the province of Punjab since 1876. After independence, Shimla Nagar became the capital of the state of East Punjab and later on the formation of Himachal Pradesh, it was declared the capital of the state. A popular tourist destination, Shimla is also often known as the Queen of the Mountains. It is the major commercial, cultural and educational center of the state.


Details of some settlements in the area are recorded prior to 1815, when the British Army gained control of the area. The climatic conditions of the region located in the dense forests of the Himalayas attracted the British to establish the city. As the summer capital, Shimla hosted several important political meetings including the 1914 Shimla Agreement and the 1945 Shimla Conference. After independence, the state of Himachal Pradesh came into existence in 1948 as a result of the unification of 28 princely states. Even after independence, the city remained an important political center, and it hosted the 1972 Shimla Agreement. After the reorganization of the state of Himachal Pradesh, the existing Mahasu district was renamed Shimla.


Places to Visit in Shimla: -

1. The Mall
2. The Ridge
3.Annadale
4. Jakhoo
5. Badi ki Dhar
6. Jutogh
7. Indian Institute of Advanced Study
8. Summer Hill
9. Christ Church


10. Tara Devi
11. Junga
12. Totu
13. Mashobra
14. Kufri
15. Chharabra
16. Chali
17. Sanjuli
18. Rashtrapati


History


Shimla district is located in latitudes 77o-0 "and 78 -19" east and 30o-45 "and north latitude 31o-44". It is bounded by Mandi and Kullu in the north, Kinnaur in the east, Uttaranchal State in the south, Sirmaur district. The height of Shimla district ranges from 300 to 6000 meters. The major peaks of the district include: Jakhu (in Shimla city), Siyah (near Chail), Chudhar (Chaupal Tehsil), Chancel (Rohdu Tehsil), Hatu (Kumharsen Tehsil) and Shali (Upatyaka Sunni Tehsil). The geographical situation of the district is difficult. Shimla was earlier a small village from which today's Shimla got its name. Shimla district came into existence on 1 September 1972 on the reorganization of the districts of the state in its present form.


The history of Shimla can be traced back to the early 19th century when the Anglo-Gurkha War took place! In the battle of Kangra in 1704, which was fought in the fort of Kangra, 60 miles from Shimla, the Gorkhas were defeated by the Sikhs and in this war the Gorkhaos lost thousands in number and some due to illness! Moving from here, they started to destroy the princely states and the hills around Shimla. 

The Gorkhas built many forts around Shimla, one of them was the Jagatgarh Fort, which is now known as Jatog and where the Senya Cantonment is present. By 1808 the invaders conquered all the forts between the Jamuna and the Sutlej, and made their capital Arki and from there began brutal rule over all the neighboring hill kingdoms, eventually the people in their most miserable condition sought help from the British rule. put. A small British force led by Major General Sir David Octerloney was sent to liberate the hill states from the Gurkhas. Most of the hill rulers reacted to this and joined the British forces. The most difficult battle was fought between the rivals at Ramgarh Fort at 3750 feet in Nalagarh.


A decisive battle was fought near the fort of Mala, in which the powerful guns of the British captured the enemy. The Battle of Mala on 15 May 1815 ended the Gurkhas' dream of ruling this part of the land. A few days later, an official announcement was made according to which all the chieftains had joined the British in expelling the Gurkhas with their lands under British protection. The Maharaja of Patiala who also rendered invaluable services to the British was rewarded with Shimla now in the neighborhood of the area. After the defeat of the Gorkhas, they were forced to sign the Treaty of Sanjauli. The company retained the strategic forts of Sabathu, Kotgarh, Ramgarh and Sandok.


Presently Shimla district consists of 19 erstwhile hill states mainly Belsan, Bushar, Bhaji and Koti, Dharkoti, Tharoch and Dhadi, Kumharsen, Khanati and Death, Dhami, Jubbal, Kethal, Raigarh, Darh, Sangri.Bushhar was one of the oldest states in the Western Himalayas after Kashmir. According to a legend, Lord Krishna's son 'Pradhuman' established the Bushhar dynasty. 

It is said that after the death of Banasura in the battle with Pradyuman's Banasura, he came to marry the daughter of the chief of Shonitpur (Saran), and he became the head of the Bushahr and Kinnaur region, C.F. According to Kennedy, Banasura had no son, Bushhar was founded in 1412 by Dambar Singh, a migrant Rajput. In 1914, the British recognized Padma Singh as the legitimate heir and crowned the king of Rampur Bushahr, and finally in March 1948 Rampur Bushhar became part of the province of Himachal Pradesh.


Jubbal was originally a tributary to Sirmour, one of the Shimla Hill states with an area of ​​288 square miles, but after the Gorkha War, it became independent King Kamchand was the founder of the Jubbal kingdom. Jubbal was merged with the Indian Union after independence and became a part of Himachal Pradesh on April 15, 1948. At the time of the merger, Digvijay Singh was the ruler of the state.Shimla district came into existence from 1 September 1972 on the reorganization of the districts of the state in its present form. After the reorganization, the Mahasu district in the east lost its unit and a large part of it was merged with Shimla. Shimla district is the name of the city of Shimla, the district headquarters and now the capital of Himachal Pradesh, Shimla district has 9 subdivisions, 13-tehsils, 12 sub-tehsils and 10 blocks.

3. Darjeeling (West Bengal) :- 


Darjeeling Bengali is a city and a municipality in the Nepalese Indian state of West Bengal. It is situated at an altitude of 6,700 ft (2,042.2 m) in the Lesser Himalayas. It is famous for its views of the world's third highest mountain Kanchenjunga and Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, a UNESCO World Heritage Site for its tea industry. Darjeeling is the headquarters of the Darjeeling district which is partly autonomous, known as the Gorkhaland Territorial Administration within the state of West Bengal. It is also a popular tourist destination in India.

Darjeeling

The recorded history of the town dates back to the early 19th century when the colonial administration under the British Raj established a sanatorium and a military depot in the region. Subsequently, extensive tea plantations were established in the area and tea producers developed black tea hybrids and created new fermentation techniques. The resulting specialty Darjeeling tea is recognized internationally and is one of the most popular black teas in the world. The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway connects the city with the plains and still has some of the steam locomotives in India.

Places to Visit in Darjeeling :-


HIistory

The name Darjeeling 'comes from Tibetan words,' Dorje 'means Vajra (originally the scepter of Indra) and' Linga 'is a place or land, hence' land of Vajra '. A landmark in the history of Darjeeling was the year 1835, but it would be appropriate to trace its history before that. Before its acquisition by the East India Company in 1835, Darjeeling built a part of Sikkim and Nepal for a brief period. However neither the history of Sikkim nor the history of Nepal provides any details of its early history.

Darjeeling first formed a part of the dominion of the King of Sikkim, who was engaged in a failed war against the Gurkhas. From 1780 the Gurkhas made frequent incursions into Sikkim and in the early 19th century, they overthrew Sikkim as Teesta to the east and conquered the Terai. E.C.Dozey writes in his 'Darjeeling Past and Present', 'Before the year 1816, the entire region was known as British Sikkim, which belonged to Nepal, which conquered it.'


Meanwhile, the British were engaged in preventing the Gurkhas from overwriting the entire northern frontier. The Anglo-Nepal War broke out in 1814. The defeat of the Gorkhalis led to the Treaty of Sugauli in 1815, in which 'Nepal had to eliminate all the territories' which the Gorkhas had annexed from the King of Sikkim to the East India Company. In the 'Treaty of Titalia', in 1991, the East India Company restored the Raja of Sikkim (who had been expelled), restored all routes of land for the king between Mechi and Teesta and guaranteed their sovereignty. .


The intervention of the British prevented the Gurkhas from converting the entire Sikkim into a province of Nepal.

4. Ooty (Tamil Nadu) :- 

Oooty

Ooty, officially known as Udagamandalam, is a city and a municipality in the Nilgiris district of the state of Tamil Nadu, India. It is located 86 km north of Coimbatore and 128 km south of Mysore and is the headquarters of the Nilgiris district. It is a popular hill station situated in the Nilgiri hills.


Originally occupied by the Toda people, the region came under the rule of the East India Company in the late 18th century. The economy is based on tourism and agriculture with the production of drugs and photographic film. The city is connected by Nilgiri Ghat roads and Nilgiri Mountain Railway. Its natural environment attracts tourists and is a popular summer destination. In 2011, the city had a population of 88,430.

This is a place to visit in Ooty, you must visit here :-


1. Gardens and Parks
2. Lakes & Drms
3. Reserve Forests
4. Tribal Huts & Museum
5. Nilgiri Mountain Railway
6. Historicals Buildings

History


Ooty or Udhagamandalam (Tamil version of the original name) described by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru as the "Queen of Hill Stations", now spread over an area of 36 square kilometers, with many tall buildings that cover its mountain slopes. She collides with it is located at an altitude of 2,240 meters above sea level. Ooty still attracts people from all over India as well as abroad during summer, and sometimes even in winter months.

An additional attraction for tourists to Udagamandalam is the journey of the hill train on a shaft and pinion track, starting at Kallar near Mettupalayam, and working its way through several hair-raising curves and fearful tunnels and together it runs along deep trenches filled with deep vegetation. There are gurling streams and tea gardens.


5. Munnar (Kerala) :- 

Munnar

Munnar is a city and hill station located in the Idukki district of the southwestern Indian state of Kerala. Munnar is located in the Western Ghats mountain range at an altitude of about 1,600 meters (5,200 ft) above sea level. Munnar is also known as "Kashmir of South India" and is a popular honeymoon destination.

Whenever you go to Munnar, you must see this place :-



1. Eravikulam National Park

2. Anamudi Peak
3. Mattupetty
4. Pallivasal
5. Attukad Waterfall
6. Tea Museum

History

Modern day Munnar was engraved after a sequence of historical events. It is said that the Muthuvan tribal communities were the earliest inhabitants of modern Munnar. The region was left untouched and unemployed until the late 19th century, when plantation floods occurred in the area.

John Daniel Munro introduced Munnar to the world in the 1870s. He was surrounded by an accident. As a British resident of the state of Travancore, he was called upon to resolve the border dispute between Travancore and its neighbor Madras. He fell in love with this newly found area. Although the Munnar region comes under the jurisdiction of the Travancore empire, it was the birthplace (birth) land of the Poonjar royal family.




The tourism industry redefined Munnar during the late 20th century. Its natural beauty and rare flora and fauna began to attract large numbers of people. Many hotels and resorts surfaced and soon, the word about Munnar spread around the world. Today it stands at the forefront as one of the most popular tourist hotbeds on the planet.

6. Nainital (Uttarakhand) :- 


Nainital, also known as Naini Tal, is a popular hill station in the Indian state of Uttarakhand. Nainital is the judicial capital of Uttarakhand, has a High Court located here, and is the headquarters of the Kumaon Division as well as a nominated district. It also includes the Governor of Uttarakhand, who lives in the Raj Bhavan. Nainital was the summer capital of the United Provinces.


Nainital is located in the Kumaon foothills of the outer Himalayas at a distance of 285 km (177 mi) from India's capital Dehradun and 345 km (214 mi) from the Indian capital New Delhi. Situated at an altitude of 2,2 meters (4, ft3) feet) above sea level, the city is situated in a valley with an eye-shaped lake, about two miles in circumference, and surrounded by mountains. The highest of which is Naina (2,715 m) in the north (8,579 ft), Diopatha (2,438 m (7,999 ft) in the west) and Ayarpatha (2,278 m (7,474 ft)) in the south. From the top of the high peaks, "spectacular views may be obtained from the vast plain towards the south, or from the mass of entangled ridges lying to the north, surrounded by snowy ridges that form the central axis of the Himalayas."


Be it a small plan to hang out with friends or honeymoon, Nainital comes first. Where the beauty of Nainital and the cool weather in summer attracts tourists. Nainital becomes a paradise for snow lovers and winter sports lovers. It is said that at one time there were more than 60 lakes in Nainital district. Beauty is scattered all around.


Places to See in Nainital :-

 1. Nainital Lake
2. Naina Peak
3. Himalaya Darshan & Echo Zone
4. Hanumangarhi
5. Pt. G.B. Pant High Attitude Zoo, Nainital.


History

Nainital is one of the most beautiful places in Uttarakhand. It is mentioned in many ancient texts such as 'Manas Khand' of Skandapuran. Then here is the story of Maa Sati's holy eye for making Naini lake, it was named Hindi word Naina which means eye. The Kumaon and Garhwal regions were annexed by the British in 1815. Later, E. Gardiner was appointed Commissioner of the Kumaon Division in 1815. Mr. G.W. Trail, the second commissioner of Kumaun, was the first European to visit Nainital.




Later, in the year 1839, a British businessman, Mr. P. Baron (a Chinese merchant) and his friend, a fond hunter, wandered in the hills while hunting. They got lost and saw this amazing place. The barons were so enamored with this place that they gave up the Chinese business and formed a European colony on the banks of Lake Naini. In the year 1841, the discovery of Nainital appeared in an issue of 'British Calcutta'. Gradually offices started to move here and in 1850 a formal Nainital Municipal Corporation was formed to provide basic amenities to the residents.


To catalyze the development of a township, the government allotted land in Nainital for the thriving Sah community of Almora, on the stretch that they would build only housing on the land. In 1862, Nainital officially became the 'Summer Seat' of the North-Western Provinces. After that, development progressed at a rapid pace. Many residential schools and colleges were established to provide education to the people. In an extreme reversal of fate, on 18 September 1880, massive landslides caused the continuous rain away from the Victoria Hotel. About 151 people were killed under the rubble of the hotel. Although the army was called for help, the people could not be saved. After this incident, the area was leveled and leveled for parking.

7. Kodaikanal (Tamil Nadu) :- 

Kodaikanal
 

Kodaikanal is a town in the hills of Dindigul district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. In Tamil language its name "The Gift of the Forest" Kodaikanal is referred to as "Princess of Hill Stations" and has a long history as a retreat and popular tourist destination. Kodaikanal Main Town is covered with mist.


Boating in Kodaikanal Lake, Kodaikanal was established in 1845 as a refuge from the high temperatures of the plains and tropical diseases. The majority of the local economy is based on the hospitality industry serving tourism. As of 2011, the city had a population of 36,501.

There are many good places to visit in Kodaikanal like :-


1. Kodaikanal Lake
2. Bryant Park
3. Coaker's Walk
4. Poombarai Village
5. Green Valley View
6. Pine Forest's
7. Shembaganur Museum of Natural History
8. Kodaikanal Solar Observatory
9. Pillar Rocks
10. Guna Caves
11. Silver Cascade
12. Dolphin's Nose
13. Kurinji Andavar Murugan Temple
14. Berijam Lake

History

The early inhabitants of Kodaikanal were Palayar tribals. Early specific references to Kodaikanal and Palani Hills are found in the early common era in Tamil Sangam literature. Modern Kodaikanal was founded in 1845 by American Christian missionaries and British bureaucrats, who were refugees of high temperatures and tropical diseases of the plains. In the 20th century, some elite Indians realized the value of this charming hill station and started migrating here.


Tourism has been affected by industrial pollution issues, including the closure of a mercury factory owned by Unilever's Indian subsidiary Hindustan Unilever after evidence of widespread mercury pollution. Till date no proper cleaning campaign has been carried out.

8. Mussoorie (Uttarakhand) :- 

https://www.rkindias.com/2020/01/tum-mujhko-kab-tak-rokoge.html
Mussoorie

Mussoorie is in the Dehradun District of Uttarakhand. Mussoorie Delhi to 290 Km. And 35 Km from Dehradun. Is at the distance. 2005 m from Mussoorie C Laval Is on Mussoorie is at the base of the mountain of Himalayan. Mussoorie is also known as "Queens of the Hill".


If you want to go to Mussoorie, then you should not forget to go to these places at all :-

1. Happy Valley
2.Dhanaulti
3. Camel's Back Rode
4. Nahata Estate
5. Gun Hill
6. Kempty Falls
7. Lake Mist
8. Municipal Garden
9. Mussoorie Lake
10. Bhatta Falls
11. Jharipani Falls
12. Mossy Falls
13. Sir George Everest's House
14. Nag Devta Temple
15. Jwalaji Temple (Benog Hill)
16. Cloud End
17. Van Chetna Kendra
18.Benog Wildlife Sanctury
19. Mall Rode
20. Lal Tibba


Honeymoon Couples and foreign people love this place Mussoorie.

History

In 1803, the Gurkhas under Umer Singh Thapa conquered Garhwal and Dehra, and Mussoorie ceased to exist by this. In 1814–1815, the Gurkhas clashed with the British and evacuated Mussoorie. A war broke out on 1 November 1814 and by 1815, Gorakhpur was evacuated by the Gorkhas and by 1819 was moved to Saharanpur district.


It was then founded in 1825 by a young British military officer, Captain Young. Along with Mr. Shore, resident superintendent in Dehradun, they searched the present site and jointly built a shooting lodge. This led to the foundation of this holiday resort, which now has few rivals. Its name is derived from a locally known shrub behind the Captain's house. Some believe that this is probably the reason behind the name of the city, which is also known as Mansuri among the residents of the surrounding area.


The main resort in Mussoorie is called as other hill stations, malls. In Mussoorie, the mall extends from the Picture Palace at the eastern end of the Public Library at its western end. The Nehru family, including Nehru's daughter Indira (later Indira Gandhi), were frequent visitors to Mussoorie in the 1920s, 1930s, and 1940s, and stayed at the Savoy Hotel. [Citation needed] She also spent a lot of time in nearby Dehradun, where Nehru's sister was Vijayalakshmi. Pandit eventually spent full time.


During the Tibetan Rebellion of 1959, the Central Tibetan Administration of the 14th Dalai Lama was first established in Mussoorie, before being shifted to its present location in Dharamshala, Himachal Pradesh. The first Tibetan school was established in 1960 in Mussoorie. Tibetans settled mainly in Happy. Valley. Today, about 5,000 Tibetans live in Mussoorie
.

Today in Mussoorie, with proximity to Delhi, Ambala, and Chandigarh, there is an increased development of hotels and tourist lodges, and serious problems of garbage collection, [according to whom?] Water shortages and parking shortages, especially during summer. During the tourist season? . [Citation needed] Such problems are less in Landour, Jharani and Barloganj.

9. Manali (Himachal Pradesh) :-


Manali is in the Kullu district of Himachal Pradesh. 270 Km from Manali Shimla. Is at the distance. 6260. Feet above Manali Ocean Laval. Many Visitor's visit every year in Manali. If you want to visit Manali, the best month is October-Mid December. This place is for trackers and strikes. Here you can also do Biking, Rafting, Skying, Hiking, Tracking or Paragliding.

You can see this Place near Rohtak in Manali. :-


1. Van Vihar Park
2. Solang Valley
3. Hot Waters Pring
4. Himalayan National Park
5. Manali Century

There are temples of many Hindus here, such as- Hidamba Temple, Manmaharashtra Temple, Budhistha Temple, Lord Aram Temple can also be seen.

History


Manali is named after Sanatan Hindu legalist Manu. The name Manali is considered as a derivative of 'Manu-Alay' which literally means 'Abode of Manu'. Legend has it that Sage Manu illuminated the world after a great flood to recreate human life by taking off his ark in Manali. Manali is situated to the north of the Kullu Valley. The valley is often referred to as the 'Valley of the Gods'. Purana Manali village has an ancient temple dedicated to sage Manu.

The British planted apple trees in the area. The first apple orchard was established near Patlikuhl by the British, before which no apple tree grew in this area. To date, apples - along with plum and pear - remain the best source of income for most residents. Both rainbow and brown trout were also introduced into colonies and streams of the area by colonizers.

Manali witnessed an increase in tourist traffic, in part due to the increase in disposable income and disturbances in Kashmir in the late 1980s. This once quiet village was transformed into a bustling city with many homes as well as occasional boutique hotels. During the summer months, cafes and restaurants can be seen doing brisk business.

10. Mount Abu (Rajasthan) :-

Mount Abu

Mount Abu is located in the Sirohi district of Rajasthan. This hill station is on the border of Rajasthan and Gujarat. Mount abu. 540 Km from Jaipur. Is at the distance. This place is 1219 m from C Laval. Huh. This place also has temples of many Hindus, such as -


1. Adhar Devi Temple
2. Shri Raghunath Ji Temple
3. Jain Temple
4. Dilwara Temple
5. Nakki Lake
6. Durga Ambika Mata Temple
7. Achleshwar Mahadev Temple


Here is the main Attraction attracting temple. If you like "Wide Live" then you can watch Mount Abu Wide Live Century. Mount Abu's Sunset Point is the best.

History

The ancient name of Mount Abu is Arbudanchal. In the Puranas, the region is referred to as Arbudarnya ("Jungle of Arbuda") and 'Abu' is a small part of this ancient name. It is believed that sage Vashistha retired to the southern region at Mount Abu after his differences with sage Vishwamitra. There is another legend according to which a serpent named "Arbuda" saved the life of Nandi (the bull of Lord Shiva). The incident took place on the mountain which is currently known as Mount Abu and hence the mountain was named "Arbudarnya" after that event, which gradually became Abu.


The victory of Mount Abu in 1311 AD by Rao Lumba of the Deora-Chauhan dynasty ended Parmar's reign and marked the fall of Mount Abu. He shifted the capital to the plains at Chandravati. After the destruction of Chandravati in 1405, Rao Shasmal made Sirohi his headquarters. It was later leased by the British government to the then Maharaja of Sirohi for use as headquarters.


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Thanks For Visit Here.............Rohit Kumar

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